chapter  3
24 Pages

The development of a gendered social policy regime

ByCHRISTINE COUSINS

This chapter analyses the Spanish welfare state through a gendered lens. It discusses the historical, structural and cultural factors that shaped the gendering of the social policy regime in a way that impacted profoundly on women in Spain. The chapter also contributes to our knowledge about the distinctiveness of the development of Spain’s welfare state. Little has been published in the literature in English about the gendered nature of the Spanish welfare state and even the Institute of Women claimed that until the 1990s women were not considered the subject of social welfare. In fact, the extent of women’s social exclusion and isolation from the rest of society was not precisely known as at that time little data was available, ‘as well as this being a relatively new outlook’ (Instituto de la Mujer 1992: 65).