CHAPTER 11Advances in Psychology in China
Cai Yuanpei, a famous Chinese educational reformer who studied in Wundt’s Institute of Psychology in 1908, published a book on parapsychology in 1912 after his return to China. In 1917, Cai became the president of Peking University and with his support Chen Daqi established the first psychological laboratory in China. In the early years of the 1920s, a group of scholars who had studied psychology in Western countries brought back ideas fundamental to modern psychology, and started teaching psychology at Chinese universities. Departments of psychology were established later in Peking University, Tsinghua University, Yenching University, and other universities. The Chinese Psychological Society (CPS) was founded in 1921 and the first psychology journal, Psychology, was published in
1922. The Institute of Psychology, Academia Sinica, was established in 1929. The outbreak of the Sino-Japanese war in 1937 caused a setback to the progress of Chinese psychology that lasted until the end of World War II.