chapter  6
25 Pages

Vision for future developments

ByASKO SARJA

Civil engineering (buildings, civil and industrial infrastructures and environmental engineering), even more than other branches of technique, is strongly tied to the surrounding society [1, 2] (see Figure 1.1). The aims towards sustainable building are creating for the construction new chal-

lenges, which can be fulfilled successfully only through active and innovative changes in the design, products, manufacturing methods and management. In the time period of 10-15 years we can talk on an entirely new generation of building technology. This evolution phase has started in the second part of 1980s and will be implemented into the common practice until 2010-2015. Lifetime engineering is a new challenge for engineers, who must be educated and

trained in this skill. Our intellectual resources must be increasingly directed through renewed education and training to the work towards economically, culturally and ecologically sustainable, healthy, safe and convenient infrastructures. Working conditions and safety will be an important aspect of the development of

construction, maintenance and repair of infrastructures. The well-performing, healthy and safe infrastructures are indirectly increasing working safety especially of traffic, industrial production and power plants as well as their neighbourhood areas. Future regulations will demand designers to consider not only how the buildings and

civil infrastructures can be constructed but also, and equally importantly, how theywill be maintained and even demolished and reused. Building owners, users and designers have to be aware of the implications of premature failure of performance of a part of the building inwhichabusinessorprocessoperate.Themethodologyof lifetimeengineering expects designers to understand and articulate to the client and user about the risks of loss of performance and propose means of minimising the occurrence of the risks.