Folklore is that part of any culture that is transmitted by word of mouth or by custom and practice. It includes folk literature (folktales, poems, songs, dramas), folksay (proverbs, riddles, rhymes, dialect), customs and beliefs, music, dance and ethnography (the study of arts, crafts and the manufacture and use of artifacts). It is important to realise that modern industrialised societies have folklore in the same way as American Indians or Australian aborigines. Nor should we think of folklore as ‘the things our grandparents used to do’ for it is a vital part of the way all societies operate. There is as much folklore in the city as in the jungle.