chapter  6
17 Pages

Rwanda: Challenges for school leadership in a transitional, post-conflict nation


Rwanda is a small central African nation that has been more than adversely affected by major political, economic and ethnic upheaval. In particular, the country has faced the challenge of ensuring recovery, rehabilitation, reconstruction and reconciliation after the horrific genocide of 1994 that resulted in the loss of nearly a million lives and the displacement of over two million people. In 2000, the government of Rwanda proposed Vision 2020 (Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning, 2000), a dynamic policy document, resulting in the adoption of the following goals:

• the eradication of illiteracy; • national capacity building in science and technology; • and improving quality in education.