Affective Reactions and Subsequent Consequences of Heavy Work Investments
As the example above illustrates, organizations may certainly value employees who devote a good deal of their time and energy towards work. But what does it really mean to be heavily invested in one’s work? Is it always a good thing? What motivates an individual to be so invested? What are the affective, attitudinal, and behavioral outcomes of such investment? The present chapter will explore all of these questions related to being heavily invested in work, with a particular focus on two types of heavy work investment (HWI): workaholism and work engagement. We propose that workaholism and work engagement are distinct types of HWI with very different work and nonwork behaviors and consequences. A model of these types of HWI is presented, which specifi es the mechanisms through which these differences are manifested.