We have reported in this book the results of the WBL Centre’s ﬁrst major piece of original ﬁeldwork, against a background of other analysis of large-scale datasets. We have combined the presentation of empirical results with reﬂection on the conceptual and methodological issues involved in tackling the impact of learning on people’s lives. We have aimed to convey a sense of work which is still in progress, but without hedging our bets so much that we cannot offer ﬁrm results. In this concluding chapter we revisit the main ﬁndings, but at the same time we open up themes for future exploration and debate. We take further the discussion of the triangle of capitals which underpinned the analysis; and stress the signiﬁcance of the matrix in Chapter 2 which developed the notions of sustaining and transformative effects. We focus particularly on issues to do with the breadth and interconnectedness of learning’s effects.