T he best way to learn about journalism is ‘on the job’. You may have greatideas about the nature of reporting, you may know all about ideology and the history of the press in eighteenth-century England. But if you cannot bash out a quick story on a local murder you are useless. That was the dominant view in the industry at the beginning of the twentieth century. It remains largely the same at the start of the twenty-ﬁrst. There have been slight changes. Training courses have developed with the support of newspaper managements and trade unions. They have even spread into the learned corridors of universities. But mutual suspicion persists between the press and academia.