chapter  2
28 Pages

From social democracy to social democracy: the twentieth-century odyssey of the Iranian Left

ByAFSHIN M AT I N - ASGARI

At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the Iranian Left holds a centennial balance sheet of great contributions, tragic flaws, tortuous transformations and surprising resilience. Despite relentless political repression, and contrary to the recurrent predications of its detractors, the Left has survived into the twenty-first century not only in exile or underground but in the very midst of the Islamic Republic, where an influential part of the reform movement has adopted the leftist mantle.