chapter  11
18 Pages

Providing public spaces: Singapore and Taibei: Chua Beng-Hua

Singapore and Taiwan have followed similar developmental paths. Although Taiwan industrialised earlier than Singapore, both experienced very high rates of economic growth as a result of government-directed credit and export-oriented industrialisation. For much of the last four decades of the twentieth century, both had authoritarian governments. Taiwan was under the military rule of the Guomondang (KMT) until 1989, when the democratisation process was instituted under a reformed KMT – a process that subsequently led to the replacement of the KMT by the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) in the presidential election of 2000. At that date, Singapore was still under the single-party dominance of the People’s Action Party (PAP).