chapter  7
Gender differences in achievement: overview and examples of data use in five countries COMPILED BY MARIA STEPHENS, WITH CONTRIBUTIONS FROM
Overview and examples of data use in five countries
ByContributions by Konrad Krainer, Helga Jungwirth and Helga Stadler, Steve May and Lynne Whitney, Arnold
Pages 22

Policy makers from countries participating in international studies of student performance often cite two reasons for involvement in such endeavours – they are interested in (1) obtaining data to inform policy decisions about national programmes and practices and (2) comparing their students with those in other countries. The results of international assessments serve not only to flag potential educational problems, as other diverse data sources can do, but also to illustrate the magnitude of these problems relative to a country’s trading partners or regional or cultural counterparts.