chapter
What is sociology?
Pages 14

Sociology attempts to analyse the world through the processes that constitute it, whether this is on a macro or a micro level. The former, which might loosely be called structural sociology, looks at such areas of social organization as the economy, education, religion, and work, and their role in the organization of everyday life. This level of sociology would also examine the workings of the institutions and organizations in which this everyday life takes place: government, industry, schools, families, etc. Sociology would want to know who were considered to be the important people involved. Who benefits from its existence and how? How is it funded? What are its stated aims and objectives? What are its values and assumptions? In short, sociology is asking how society works, at the level of institutions and organizations, and what beliefs and attitudes (ideologies) support or challenge this.