chapter  3
Reverent caring: the parent–son relationship in early medieval tales of filial offspring
ByKEITH N. KNAPP
Pages 27

Ziyou asked about filial piety [xiao ]. The master said, “Today’s filial piety is called being able to provide sustenance [yang ]. As for dogs and horses, both are provided sustenance [ you yang ]. But, if one does not show respect [ jing ], wherein lies the difference?