The aim of this chapter is to explore the meaning of staff and educational development. In researching this chapter, I came to the conclusion that staff and educational development defies simple definitions owing to its complex and constantly evolving nature. On the one hand, the intention of staff and educational development is to offer the opportunities for all staff and students to develop their full potential. On the other hand, these same opportunities must fit with the strategic goals of the institution in the rapidly changing context of higher education (HE). Managing the complex relationship between an individual’s development and institutional strategy and planning presents a major challenge.