Xenophon’s Hellenica is a narrative account of a particularly bloody and confusing period of Greek history. It is also a document recording one man’s understanding of what happened in his lifetime. The assessment of whether and to what degree the work succeeds as a work of history has often been done before. It is the second issue that forms the topic of this book. How did Xenophon understand the history of his times? How can we reconstruct his view? Did others-Xenophon’s contemporaries-think about their world in similar ways?