The march of the ten thousand Greek mercenaries from Babylon to the Black Sea and Hellespont earned them almost instant celebrity. Their exploits were recounted by two and possibly three historians shortly afterwards-Ctesias, Sophaenetus (a veteran of the march) and Ephorus’ source (either Sophaenetus or perhaps the Oxyrhynchus historian).2 Additionally, as mentioned above (p. 57), rhetors like Isocrates could refer to them as if their accomplishments were widely known; certainly later writers like Polybius (3.6.10-11) and Arrian (An. 1.12.1-4) treated the Ten Thousand as if their fame was beyond question. Like moderns, these later authors saw in the expedition a revealing precursor of Alexander’s conquest of the East. Seen in this
light, it is not difficult to understand how the activities of the Ten Thousand could be seen as panhellenic.