chapter  1
Introduction
Convergence, diversity and change
ByFrances Heidensohn
Pages 11

It can, indeed, be argued that, until the 1980s, crime in Europe was not a conceptual framework which would have had meaning, save for the select participants in the regular Council of Europe Colloquia. By the time of the conference for which these papers were originally written, it had become a recognisable theme for several reasons. First, and most obviously, the political developments in the European Community nations have made it so, and not least because while other social consequences of 1992 and after had been well explored, and were the clear responsibility of designated bodies, those for crime, for policing and criminal justice had not been and were not so clearly defined as Fijnaut and Levi show devastatingly in this volume (Chapters 8 and 12).