chapter  12
VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS, SOCIAL MOVEMENTS AND INDIVIDUAL POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR IN WESTERN EUROPE
ByPaul Dekker, Ruud Koopmans and Andries van den Broek
Pages 20

The question how political protest is related to conventional political behaviour has attracted much attention in recent decades, especially since the ‘tempestuous 1960s’ surprised social scientists with unexpectedly high levels of political protest throughout most of the Western world. This rise in protest evoked the question whether political protest and conventional political behaviour were complementary or mutually exclusive, i.e. whether unconventional political activities meant an extension or a rejection of the conventional Political Action repertory (Barnes, Kaase et al., 1979).