chapter
Kant and the ideal of beauty
ByAnthony Savile
Pages 19

The relation of ethical and aesthetical divides philosophers as much as anyone. Heteronomists, who hold them to be intimately and inextricably intertwined, find Plato, Plotinus, Shaftesbury, Hutcheson and Schiller on their side. Today’s more favoured party, autonomists to a man, see their cause championed by Oscar Wilde, Roger Fry and Clive Bell, and standing behind these modern worthies, stoutest of all, they suppose, Immanuel Kant.1 Here I shall suggest that, received opinion to the contrary, one fundamental strand in the Critique of Judgement sets this last figure firmly in the other camp.2