In the field of educational administration, societal culture is becoming a significant theoretical construct. That a recent issue of the Asia Pacific Journal of Education was devoted in its entirety to societal culture and school leadership is a case in point. The guest editors, Walker and Dimmock, draw attention to the increased use of societal culture as a lens to examine school leadership. They argue for a comparative cross-cultural perspective where the role of societal culture in understanding educational administration is researched and compared across societies and cultures. Other writers have also argued for a similar framework (e.g. Cheng, 1995, 1998; Hallinger and Leithwood, 1996; Bajunid, 1996; Cheng and Wong, 1996).