In its attempt to become the competency country, Australia has adopted new approaches to skills formation. No longer is training work-related; it has become work-based. Many enterprises have concluded that their survival in both national and international markets will be through the pursuit of competitive edge and the long-term sustainable performance of human resources. Competitive edge will not occur because someone thinks it is a good idea. Enterprises which have taken up the challenge have quickly realised competitive edge comes from high quality enterprise performance that is planned and sustainable.