chapter  4
20 Pages

Beyond Freedom, War W.Scott Lucas

Any success has been partial, however, for even as 'culture' was being elevated to a place in the narrative of US foreign policy, it was being limited. Much of the 'cultural diplomacy' scholarship has restricted itself to the official, with an often anodyne focus on the US Information Agency, the Voice of America, and exhibitions and fairs.2 An organization is sketched and cultural output listed but often unconsidered. The broader American crusade, with its covert sponsorship of 'culture' and informal collaboration between the state and the private sphere, is never portrayed, let alone examined. Most significantly, the 'new diplomatic historian' has yet to confront the challenge set by theorists such as Edward Said:

Culture serves authority, and ultimately the nation state, not because it represses and coerces but because it is affirmative, positive, and persuasive.... [Culture] is a historical force possessing its own configurations, ones that intertwine with those in the socio-economic sphere.3