chapter  8
34 Pages

From Stockholm to Leiden: The CIA's Role in the Formation of the International Student Conference Karen Paget

In 1967, Ramparts magazine exposed the Central Intelligence Agency's covert activities with the National Student Association (NSA), 'precipitating one of the worst operational catastrophes in CIA history', according to the CIA's in-house historian, Michael Warner.1 The exposé brought down dozens of similar covert operations in the private sector, representing 'a combined budget of millions of dollars.'2 The multi-million dollar campaign, known inside the CIA as 'the Mighty Wurlitzer', had been launched during the Cold War to challenge Soviet propaganda and influence in sectors ranging from youth to labour, intellectuals, artists, academics, women, jurists, and journalists.