chapter  14
13 Pages

The Absent Dutch: Dutch Intellectuals and the Congress for Freedom Tity de Vries

During the last week of June 1950, a day after the start of the Korean War on 25 June, a sizeable group of anti-Soviet writers and intellectuals from all over the world assembled in Berlin for the founding conference of the Congress for Cultural Freedom (CCF):

For the first time since the rise of the dictators in our day, the libertyloving writers, artists, [and] scientists of the free world met together in an expression of their devotion to the ideal of democracy.... It was the initial attempt of the intelligentsia of the civilized world - poets and scientists, philosophers and journalists, socialists and conservatives, churchmen and trade-unionists, painters and publishers - to join together freely, to discuss, to criticize, to formulate an independent program for the defense of their common democratic ideal.1