chapter  16
17 Pages

The Control of Visual Representation: American Art Policy in Occupied Germany, 1945-1949 Cora S. Goldstein

Much of the literature on art and art policy in post-war West Germany underestimates the role that the United States played in the development of German art after 1945.1 The resurgence of modern art in West Germany is more often depicted as a grassroots phenomenon, an explosion of intrinsically German artistic creativity after 12 years of totalitarian repression.2 In this paper I show that the development of the fine arts in post-war West Germany was influenced by the Office of Military Government for Germany, US (OMGUS). Starting in 1946, OMGUS developed a fine arts policy to encourage the emergence of a new West German aesthetic paradigm in the Cold War context.