chapter  10
Deepening neoliberalization and the changing welfare regime in Turkey: mutations of a populist, “sub-optimal” democracy
Pages 26

T.H. Marshall’s notion of ‘social citizenship’ where political, economic and social rights are seen as constantly reinforcing each other, can serve as an effective ‘ideal type’ to assess the social policy environment and the transformation of the welfare regime in Turkey. Placing social rights at the heart of citizenship, Marshall argued that social elements refer to:

the whole range, from the right to a modicum of economic welfare and security, to the right to share to the full in the social heritage and to live the life of a civilised being according to the standards prevailing in the society.