chapter  2
6 Pages

Russian Federation’s international alliances, associations, and organizations

Uzbekistan “suspended” its membership on 28 June 2012. Turkmenistan changed its status to Associate Member in 2005. HQ = Minsk, Belarus. 2 Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), was formed as Shanghai Five in

1996. Chartered as SCO in 2001: Russia (96), China (96), Kazakhstan (96), Kyrgyzstan (96), Tajikistan (96), Uzbekistan (01).