It is one thing to identify the damaging environmental impact of modern industrial society, but it is quite another to provide a political programme that ensures a radical change in this process. When identifying the distinguishing characteristics of the European Greens, Poguntke and Müller-Rommel place the specific nature of the Greens’ programmatic profile alongside organizational structure and electoral profile as ‘the essential elements of new politics’ (Müller-Rommel and Poguntke, 1989, p21). The policy dimension represents the attempt to develop abstract Green ideals into practical political change. As with party organization, it provides not only a critique of existing attitudes and approaches to political decision-making, but also offers a Green alternative ref lection of the ‘new politics’ identity. This identity can largely be summarized as follows:
Ecological politics, opposition to nuclear power, individualism with a very strong focus on self-determination and self-actualization, participatory democracy with direct citizens’ involvement with decision-making, a general left-
wing orientation, redistribution of global wealth in favour of the developing nations, and an unambiguous preference for unilateral disarmament (Müller-Rommel and Poguntke, 1989, pp21-22).