The inner circle: towards a ‘Canadian’ management history – key Canadian contributors to new institution theory
In the passage I have just read from Tolstoy, the young second lieutenant Boris Bubretskow discovers that there exists in the army two diff erent systems or hierarchies. The one is printed in some little red book and anyone can easily read it up. It also remains constant. A general is always superior to a colonel, and a colonel to a captain. The other is not printed anywhere. Nor is it even a formally organised secret society with offi cers and rules which you would be told after you had been admitted. You are never formally and explicitly admitted by anyone. You discover gradually, in almost indefi nable ways, that it exists and that you are outside it; and then later, perhaps, that you are inside it.