chapter  1
After Thirty Years...
Pages 8

It may seem surprising that Marchands, salariat et capitalistes (MSC hereafter), a book without posterity, has been taken as the reference for an academic conference. To quote but one opinion, that book may be viewed as “the symbol of an unsuccessful attempt at developing a heterodox paradigm in economics.” If so, why not leave it to “the gnawing criticism of the mice” to borrow Marx’s felicitous expression? Why come back to that forgotten writing just now?