chapter  2
A Few Questions Left Unanswered
ByRAMÓN TORTAJADA
Pages 4

Marchands, salariat et capitalistes was published in 1980, by Editions François Maspéro, Paris.2 The work caused a stir thirty years ago and continues to disturb today. This is hardly surprising as Carlo Benetti and Jean Cartelier fully intended to disturb and open up new paths into economic research. Economists, like others, do not like being disturbed in their way of thinking and reasoning. The deafening silence that welcomed the book’s publication demonstrates this. Very few reviews, discussions, and criticisms reacted to its publication. Academic economists did not feel targeted, yet it did provide the opportunity to review, reinforce, or change the categories they used explicitly before teaching them or implementing them in economic policy proposals. It may have been that the use of language taking much of its roots from formal logic may have made the book excessively rigorous, far from an easy read. The whole book is dedicated to economics. Contrary to many “critiques” of Political Economy, it rejects acceptance of its incompleteness that may be completed with sociological, psychological, and anthropological work. The authors intended to show that it was possible to make new proposals while remaining within the economic field. Here, I would like to mention three of those proposals, the first determining the other two: the monetary approach, the determination of prices, the nature of the “employer-employee relationship.”