Based on research with multiple and diverse groups, this chapter outlines the consequences of hate crime for the array of audiences. The phenomenon that has come to be known as hate crime is generally considered distinctive because of its distal effects. Hate crime throws into question not only the victim’s and the community’s identity, but also our national commitments to tolerance and inclusion. Without question, awareness of the potential for hate crime enhances the sense of vulnerability and fearfulness of most affected communities. Moreover, while hate crime is embedded in broader patterns of subjugation and oppression, it is also in and of itself an oppressive practice. The rate of suicide ideation and attempts is staggering for communities that are also frequent targets of hate crime: trans women, gay men and lesbians, and Aboriginal youth especially. Targeted communities recognize the role they must play, both in confronting hostility, but also in empowering themselves.