In the context of a volume on ‘language and history’, certain questions seem to me worthy of our consideration. An obvious question is that which forms the topic of historical linguistics. Another is the question of the origin and evolution of human language. I am not going to touch on these questions here. Instead, I will begin with the avowedly simplistic premise that history is a matter of ‘what happened’. Of course, historians do not merely report or describe what happened. They also
happened at another, ● propose principles or forces which are said to direct the course of
historical events, ● and more . . .