The Nagasaki Model of Community Governance: Grassroots Partnership with Local Government
Japan reached a demographic milestone in 2005 as the number of deaths surpassed the number of births that year. Excluding the war years, this is the ﬁ rst time in the modern Japanese history that the population has decreased. And if the present trend continues it is estimated that by 2050 the country will lose another twenty-seven million people and the total population will decline to one hundred million (National Institute of Population and Social Security Research [NIPSSR]). The Japanese population is aging rapidly as well. In 2010, 23.1 percent of the population will be sixty-ﬁ ve years old. All indications are that this trend will only intensify. In 2050 one in every 2.5 persons will be over sixty-ﬁ ve years old (NIPSSR). In short, Japan leads the world in terms of population loss, and the aging of the population has accelerated much quicker than in other advanced countries.