chapter  1
12 Pages

Wrongful Convictions and Miscarriages of Justice in Comparative Perspective: Preface and Introduction

ByC. Ronald Huff, Martin Killias

When we published an earlier book1 on wrongful convictions with a crossnational, comparative focus, we noted that the extant literature on wrongful convictions seldom included cross-national perspectives. That book included a number of “nation reports,” describing and analyzing wrongful convictions in the context of an array of different criminal justice systems in the U.S., Canada, a number of European nations, and Israel. It stimulated considerable discussion concerning topics such as the causes of wrongful convictions; the respective advantages and disadvantages of the adversarial and continental/inquisitorial systems of justice; how the incidence of wrongful convictions might best be reduced; and other important topics. In the United States, the International Division of the National Institute of Justice, acting in part in response to the book, held a conference on this important subject, bringing together scholars and policymakers from a number of nations on several continents to discuss the challenges posed by wrongful convictions and how we might learn from each other’s experiences. The conference included a keynote address and resulted in a comprehensive report.2