chapter
H. THE UNIVERSITIES
Pages 30

A statement drawn up, c. 1516, at a time when the town was making an effort to recover the view of frankpledge and all that went with it, the control of the market, the assize of bread and ale, the assay of weights and measures, etc. Privileges granted earlier than 1327 have been here omitted, and only a selection of those after 1327 is given to show the kind of jurisdiction that the chancellor of the University of Oxford could exercise. Privileges and liberties of the University of Oxford granted by the king’s most royal progenitors…which also the same university has many years peaceably used and enjoyed. … Also the chancellor may take any weapon and confiscate it, if any scholar or townsmen should wear it contrary to the statute of the university [Edward III, 27 June, anno 19]. Also that no justice of the peace, mayor, nor bailiffs to meddle in causes of the peace for transgression within the precinct of the university if a scholar is one of the parties, but the chancellor to have the bearing and determination thereof according to right [Henry IV, 13 May, anno 2°]…. Also the chancellor in causes determinable before him may punish obstinate persons and transgressors whether they be of the university or of the town, and that by incarceration or banishment from the university, the town, and the suburbs [27 June, 29 Edward III, 15 July, 14 Richard II]. Also the mayor, bailiffs, sheriff, and keeper of the castle are bound to receive, keep, and deliver the chancellor’s prisoners at his order and command [13 May, 2 Henry IV]…. For the market and ordering of victuals. The chancellor only has custody of the assize of bread, wine, and ale, correction and punishment of the same, with fines, amercements, and other profits coming thereof within the town and suburbs of Oxford [27 June, 29 Edward III]. Also the chancellor only has custody of the assize and assay of weights and measures within the town and suburbs of Oxford, so that he may, as often as need shall arise, amend and mark them, destroying those that are not lawful, and punishing duly the transgressors…[27 June, 29 Edward III]. Also the chancellor only has power to enquire of forestalling and regrating, of flesh and fish putrefied, vicious, and otherwise insufficient within the town and suburbs of Oxford and duly thereof to do punishment [27 June, 29 Edward III]. The amercements and profits hereof belong to the University [13 May, 2 Henry IV].