He answers for 4s for old brushwood sold for firewood. And the same for 4s 3d for herbage and nettles in the great garden and no more [money] because the cellarer of the hall and Brother J de Cari’ [sic] had three horses pasturing in the said garden from the feast of Whitsun until Lammas day [15 May until 1 August], and also because the herbage of the little garden was grazed by demesne horses carrying stone for the new building at Glastonbury this year. No hay was sold from the mowing of the garden as it had been depastured by the abovesaid three horses of the cellarer and Brother J de Cary this year. And the same answers for 1s 6d from pastures sold to divers men for their horses on occasions in the year. And nothing from the sale of beans as all of the issue was paid to the cellarer and the kitchener this year. And for 21s from three tuns of cider of Henry de Wyrcestr’ and sold at 7s per tun, and not more, as all the residue was paid to the cellarer and at Mells, Doulting, and Pilton, as stated below. And nothing from the sales of onions and garlic, as bushels 1 peck of onions and 8,000 garlics were paid to the lord abbot’s kitchen and to the cellarer of the hall in this year. And for 9s from 54 “bet” [? bolt] of flax [lyni’] at 2d per bet. And for 10s from sales of winter pasture in the garden for sheep between Christmas and Easter. And for 5s from madder plants sold. And for 7d from leek plants sold. And for 10s 8d from 16 stones of hemp [canubi] sold at 8d per stone. And for for 5 old spade irons. And for 1s 4d from 4 bushels of mixed grain [mixcur’] because 2 hired men [famuli] were at Zoy for three weeks at harvest. Total £3 12s Sales above account He answers for 13s 11d from divers things stated below. Total 13s 11d Total Receipts £4 6s [A description of this account was published by Ian Keil in Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society, vol. C, IV (1960), 96-101.] EXPENSES
Surplus He answer for surplusage on account of previous year for £1 10s 9d Total £1 10s 9d Necessary Expenses He answers for one new sickle [falc’] bought for cleaning the garden at 8d. And the same for 4 pairs of gloves bought for the 4 hired men [famuli] working in the vineyard and the garden for the year at 6d. And for ten moles taken in the garden at 3d. And for 5 new irons purchased for 5 spades and then fitted, the old ones being answered for above, at 10d. And for the wage of one smith for mending two hoes of iron with iron purchased for the same, 1d. And for the wage of one smith for mending the bolt on the great door to the garden, 2d. And for planting 4 bushels of beans in the garden in a day in food supplied [to workers] 4d. And for workers drawing flax in water and drying it, 5d. And for the wages of 4 hired workers [famuli] for the year and no more because 2 were at Zoy for three weeks at harvest, 17s. Total 20s 3d Purchase of Seed The same answers for the purchase of 4 bushels of beans at 1s 8d [And for 1 bushel of Flax seed at 12d [crossed out] And for 2 bushels of hemp seed at 1s 8d Total 3s 4d Liveries He sent livery to Brother J de Exon, cellarer, for the sale of flax without a tally, 2s 4d. And livery to the same of linen and hemp without tally, 13s 4d. And livery to the lord abbot by the hand of Henry de Wyrcester for the sale of 3 tuns of cider by tally, 21s. Total £1 16s 8d Total of expenses and liveries £4 11s 0d The gardener owes 4s Dead Stocks He answers for 1 sickle [falc’] and for an axe and for 5 new spades with new irons and for 4 iron hoes. [In addition there is an account of deliveries and sales, entitled “Issues of the Vineyard and Garden.” The accountant answers for the sale of specified quantities of beans, livestock, wine, verjuice, apples, pears, cider, onions, garlic, linen, hemp, madder, flax, herbs, leek seed, onion seed, hemp seed, leeks.]
672. The withdrawal of the lord from the hall to a private room, c. 1376-7
(Piers Plowman, B text, X, 999-106 [English]
Desolate is the hall each day in the week Where neither lord nor lady delights to sit. Now has each rich man a rule to eat by himself In a privy parlour, because of poor men Or in a chamber with a chimney and leave the chief hall
That was made for meals and men to eat in, And all to spare from spilling what spend shall another.