chapter  3
Pages 18

The thesis that between the two sexes there are innate differences which necessarily result in basic differences in character and fate is a very old one. The Old Testament makes it woman’s peculiarity and curse that her “desire shall be to thy husband and he shall rule over thee”, and man’s that he shall have to work in sweat and sorrow. But even the biblical report contains virtually the opposite thesis: man was created in God’s likeness, and only as punishment for man’s and woman’s original disobediencethey were treated as equals with regard to their moral responsibility-were they cursed with mutual conflict and eternal difference. Both these views, that of their basic difference and that of their basic identity, have been repeated through the centuriesone age or one philosophical school emphasizing the one; another, the opposite thesis.