chapter  4
‘Cry for Us, Argentina’: Sport and national identity in late twentieth-century Scotland
Pages 19

Even after the Union of the English and Scottish Parliaments in 1707 Scotland retained a strong sense of national identity. This was especially evident in lowland Scotland, the site of the Scottish Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution. In part, this identity may have been ‘cramped, stagnant, backward-looking, parochial’, as Tom Nairn claimed, but the Scots also created a sparkling intellectual ethos that Arthur Herman recently has identified as central to the ‘invention of the modern world’.1 Scottish identity was also underpinned by the continued existence of a set of Scottish institutions distinct from those in England, notably, the Church, and the legal and educational systems. Yet, despite this, it was more than two centuries before Scotland generated a dynamic nationalist movement to match those that had vigorously pursued self-determination in many other small European nations during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.