chapter  12
14 Pages

Decision making in the International Maritime Organization

The case of the STCW 95 Convention
ByJan Dirks

In this chapter I discuss the decision-making processes which led to the Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers Convention, 1995 (STCW 95) of the International Maritime Organization (IMO). I ask why the IMO member states formulated and adopted this convention despite the wide range of interests and previously contradictory positions of the seafarers’ unions and shipowners’ associations, which were deeply involved in the formulation process. I utilize two basic theoretical research approaches on international relations – rational choice and social constructivism – which together explain the adoption and specific regulatory content of the STCW 95.