This is a landmark work. It surveys current research on Marx and Marxism from an unusual variety of perspectives, asking an unusual range of questions. In these days of globalised capitalist hegemony, the contributors ﬁnd Marx more interesting, and more relevant, than ever. Moreover this is the ﬁrst collection assembled by scholars in Japan for international publication in English. Marx was received in Japan in the late 19th century, almost as soon as anywhere else in the world (with the exception of Germany, France and Belgium). Scholarly and political activity has been intense and continued almost unabated, despite notable eras of intense repression. Very little of this commentary, exploration and textual work, other than in the speciﬁc ﬁeld of Marxist economics, has reached the West and the Anglophone world. This volume is an exceptional showcase, and indeed a window on preceding Japanese and international scholarship, in the four main areas detailed below.