Everyone knows that Marx was a critic of capitalism, but what did he think about ‘modernity’? Was he the successor to ‘an incomplete project of modernity’, or a critic of it?
The shaping of modernity coincided with the genesis of the Eurocentric capitalist world system. The idea of modernity is obviously Eurocentric, though it also promulgates universality. It relates very directly to the capitalist world system; however, it should not be identiﬁed with the capitalist superstructure. The idea of modernity has three aspects.