chapter  7
Childhood trauma and psychosis: Revisiting the evidence: Warren Larkin and John Read
Pages 13

Childhood trauma is a term that is used to refer to a range of negative life experiences including physical, sexual and emotional abuse as well as physical and emotional neglect. This has been the subject of a considerable body of research that has repeatedly documented strong associations between childhood trauma and numerous negative mental health, physical health and social outcomes in childhood and later life (Anda et al., 2006; Browne and Finkelhor, 1986; Malinosky-Rummel and Hanson, 1993; Mulvihill, 2005; Paz et al., 2005; Read et al., 2005). Childhood abuse has been causally linked to numerous adult psychiatric disorders including: depression, anxiety disorders, substance misuse and eating disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, sexual dysfunction, personality disorders, dissociation and suicidality (Bushnell et al., 1992; Chapman et al., 2004; Christoffersen et al., 2003; Fergusson et al., 1996; Grilo and Masheb, 2002; Hyun et al., 2000; Kendler et al., 2000; Lange et al., 1995; Mullen et al., 2004). Unsurprisingly, victims of childhood abuse are also more likely to require psychiatric treatment as adults (Anda et al., 2007; Spataro et al., 2004).