14 Pages

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Thus Mill distinguishes justice from mere beneficence or generosity. "Justice implies something which it is not only right to do, and wrong not to do, but which some individual person can claim from us as hi-; moral right.'' 3 The practical question at issue might, therefore, be restated in this form. What classes of actions which increase welfare may justly be demanded by individuals as their moral rights and, in particular, what public policies which increase welfare may be justly demanded by individuals from society ? This view of justice is fatal to the formula "fiat justitia. ruat crelum," except on the assumption that, if the sky were to fall, welfare would be increased.