The rise in interest in religion in global politics parallels the international development of interest in civic education. World events have heightened the need for increased attention to religion in education, either within citizenship or religious education. Our understanding of religion in education needs to take a wide historical and political, as well as a philosophical perspective. So we need to recognise the macro-socio-political context on which new forms of citizenship have arisen. This chapter presents a possible bridge between the two subjects through a human rights approach: through a survey of critical theoretical (philosophical, political, historical) contexts, and then through an outline set of practical strategies for implementation.