chapter  20
14 Pages

The leaderless nexus: When crime and terror converge: Chris Dishman


International law enforcement pressure is forcing criminal and terrorist organizations to decentralize their organizational structures. Mexican law enforcement efforts are causing drug cartels in Mexico to break into smaller units. Many of the leaders who constituted Al Qaeda’s command and control leadership are under arrest or dead, forcing bin Laden to play a more inspirational role, no longer micromanaging attacks as he did for the 11 September spectacular. Even groups that still maintain some hierarchical structure, like the terrorist group Hezbollah, have little control over their extensive networks.