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In part, this changing status of Westerners may be seen as part of the resistance to

their hegemony in postcolonial settings. For instance, long-term expatriates in Dubai

have witnessed not only a reduced willingness of multinational companies to provide

expatriate packages, but also successive Emiratisation policies which put in place

quotas to encourage firms to employ nationals (although the success of this

employment regulation continues to be limited by the distorted ratio of migrants

to nationals). Such policies could be interpreted as a way of reducing the otherwise

automatic privileging of expatriates in certain sectors and, therefore, as a form of

reducing the domination of the skilled labour market by Western migrants. However,

while we acknowledge the need to discuss challenges and resistance to power

hierarchies, it is important to also recognise that in the contemporary world they are

not easily captured by binaries of coloniser/colonised. The complexity of dis/

continuities with colonial power relations, and the resulting multifaceted hierarchies

therefore need to be taken into account by postcolonial analyses.