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Methodology and Research Participants

However, it is crucial to note at the same time that ‘zones of inclusion and exclusion’

in contemporary Britain run along axes marked by class as well as by ‘race’,

nationality and faith.

The life histories which we are drawing on in the paper were recorded as part of a

larger historical study of three contiguous housing estates in the English provincial

city of Norwich, which have together become known as a ‘deprived white

community’ (Rogaly and Taylor 2009). The research was set up to question such

labels and categorisations emerging out of the local state, middle-class and popular

discourses, and to explore how people responded to them through their own identity

practices. As pointed out by several authors, white working-class people have

themselves been written of in racialised terms in the British context (see, for example,

Byrne 2006; Charlesworth 2000; Collins 2004; Hanley 2007; Skeggs 2004).