On 24 November 1998 a Salt Lake City, Utah television station reported that the
organizing committee for the 2002 Salt Lake City Winter Olympic Games had provided
improper beneﬁts to International Olympic Committee (IOC) members or their family
members. These ‘bribes’, as they were often called in the media, included tuition payments
at American universities and medical care, each totalling thousands of dollars and, in some
cases, had begun when Salt Lake City was still bidding to host the Games.