Scandal and governance: inside and outside the IOC 2000 Commission
This article issues from a University of Toronto conference convened to evaluate the
Olympic reforms a decade after their implementation.
Respecting the anniversary theme,
I focus my analysis on the responses within and around the International Olympic
Committee (IOC) to the crisis initiated in November 1998, by allegations of bribery of
IOC members and by the formal investigations that began in December. This rupture
was deﬁnitively accelerated by Swiss IOC member Marc Hodler’s assertion to the press on
11 December, that the problem was systematic and not limited to Salt Lake City. By the
time of the Extraordinary IOC Session of 17-18 March 1999, at which 16 members were
sanctioned (four others having already resigned) and the IOC Ethics Commission and IOC
2000 Commission were established, the IOC was faced with a full-blown legitimacy crisis.
On 30 October 1999, the Reform Commission (RC), as it was known colloquially among
its members, recommended 50 measures, addressing a wide range of governance issues.
The IOC Executive Board forcefully endorsed the recommendations on 9 December, and
three days later the 110th IOC Session accepted them all by formal vote.