chapter  1
17 Pages

Scandal and governance: inside and outside the IOC 2000 Commission

WithJohn J. MacAloon

This article issues from a University of Toronto conference convened to evaluate the

Olympic reforms a decade after their implementation.

Respecting the anniversary theme,

I focus my analysis on the responses within and around the International Olympic

Committee (IOC) to the crisis initiated in November 1998, by allegations of bribery of

IOC members and by the formal investigations that began in December. This rupture

was definitively accelerated by Swiss IOC member Marc Hodler’s assertion to the press on

11 December, that the problem was systematic and not limited to Salt Lake City. By the

time of the Extraordinary IOC Session of 17-18 March 1999, at which 16 members were

sanctioned (four others having already resigned) and the IOC Ethics Commission and IOC

2000 Commission were established, the IOC was faced with a full-blown legitimacy crisis.

On 30 October 1999, the Reform Commission (RC), as it was known colloquially among

its members, recommended 50 measures, addressing a wide range of governance issues.

The IOC Executive Board forcefully endorsed the recommendations on 9 December, and

three days later the 110th IOC Session accepted them all by formal vote.